The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview
The World Mental Health Survey Initiative
World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionaire
Publications
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In Press NCS Publications

Alonso, J., Chatterji, S., He, Y., (Eds.) (in press). The Burden of Mental Disorders: From the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ahmedani, B.K., Pimlott Kubiak, S., Kessler, R.C., de Graaf, R., Alonso, J., Bruffaerts, R., Zarkov, Z., Viana, M.C., Huang, Y.-Q., Hu, C., Posada-Villa, J.A., Lepine, J.-P., Angermeyer, M.C., de Girolamo, G., Karam, A.N., Medina-Mora, M.E., Gureje, O., Ferry, F., Sagar, R., Anthony, J.C. epub 2013). Embarrassment when illness strikes a close relative: A World Mental Health Survey Consortium multi-site study. Psychological Medicine. PubMed Abstract

Green, J.G., Alegria, M., Kessler, R.C., McLaughlin, K.A., Gruber, M.J., Sampson, N.A., & Zaslavsky, A.M. (in press), Neighborhood sociodemographic predictors of serious emotional disturbance (SED) in schools: Demonstrating a "synthetic estimation" method in the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS-A) Adolescent Supplement. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research.

Scott, K., Alonso, J., de Jonge, P., Viana, M.C., Liu, Z., O'Neill, S., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Bruffaerts, R., Caldas-de-Almeida, J.M., Stein, D., Angermeyer, M., Benjet, C., de Girolamo, G., Firuleasa, I.-L., Hu, C., Kiejna, A., Kovess-Masfety, V., Levinson, D., Nakane, Y., Piazza, M., Posada-Villa, J., Khalaf, M., Lim, C., Kessler, R. (in press). Associations between DSM-IV mental disorders and onset of self-repored peptic ulcer in the World Mental Health Surveys. Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine.

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2013 NCS Publications

Green, J.G., McLaughlin, K.A., Alegría, M., Costello, E.J., Gruber, M.J., Hoagwood, K., Leaf, P.J., Olin, S., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C. (2013). School mental health resources and adolescent mental health service use. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(5): 501-10. Appendix Tables, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2013). Overview of descriptive epidemiology of mental disorders. In C.S. Aneshensel, J.C. Phelan, & A. Bierman (Eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health (2nd Edition) (pp. 169-182). New York: Springer Publishing.

Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Chiu, W.T., Deitz, A.C., Hudson, J.I., Shahly, V., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M.C., Benjet, C., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Haro, J.M., Kovess-Masfety, V., O’Neill, S., Posada-Villa, J., Sasu, C., Scott, K., Viana, M.C., Xavier, M. (2013). The prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Biological Psychiatry, 73(9), 904-914. Appendix Tables, PubMed Abstract

Kovess-Masfety, V., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M., Bromet, E., de Girolamo, G., de Jonge, P., Demyttenaere, K., Florescu, S.E., Gruber, M.J., Gureje, O., Hu, C., Huang, Y., Karam, E.G., Jin, R., Lépine, J.-P., Levinson, D., McLaughlin, K.A., Medina-Mora, M.E., O’Neill, S., Ono, Y., Posada-Villa, J.A., Sampson, N.A., Scott, K.M., Shahly, V., Stein, D.J., Viana, M.C., Zarkov, Z., Kessler, R.C. (2013).  Irritable mood in adult Major Depressive Disorder: Results from the World Mental Health Surveys. Depression and Anxiety, 30(4): 395-406. PubMed Abstract

McLaughlin, K.A., Koenen, K.C., Hill, E.D., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2013). Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder in a national sample of adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 52(8): 815-830. Appendix Tables, PubMed Abstract

Nock, M.K., Green, J.G., Hwang, I., McLaughlin, K.A., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2013). Prevalence, correlates and treatment of lifetime suicidal behavior among adolescents: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication – Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). JAMA Pschiatry 70(3): 300-310. PubMed Abstract

Shahly, V., Chatterji, S., Gruber, M.J., Al-Hamzawi, A., Alonso, J., Andrade, L.H., Angermeyer, M.C., Bruffaerts, R., Bunting, B., Caldas-de-Almeida, J.M., de Girolamo, G., de Jonge, P., Florescu, S., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., Hinkov, H.R., Hu, C., Karam, E.G., Lépine, J.-P., Levinson, D., Medina-Mora, M.E., Posada-Villa, J., Sampson, N.A., Trivedi, J.K., Viana, M.C., Kessler, R.C. (2013). Cross-national differences in the prevalence and correlates of burden among older family caregivers in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. Psychological Medicine, 43(4):856-79. Appendix Tables, PubMed Abstract

Stein, D.J., Koenen, K.C., Friedman, M.J., Hill, E., McLaughlin, K.A., Petukhova, M., Ruscio, A., Shahly, V., Spiegel, D., Borges, G., Bunting, B., Caldas-de-Almeida, J.M., de Girolamo, G., Demyttenaere, K., Florescu, S., Haro, J.M., Karam, E.G., Kovess-Masfety, V., Lee, S., Matschinger, H., Mladenoval, M., Posada-Villa, J., Tachimori, H., Viana, M.C., Kessler, R.C. (2013). Dissociation in posttraumatic stress disorder: Evidence from the World Mental Health Surveys. Biological Psychiatry 73(4), 302-312. PubMed Abstract

Wells, J.E., Oakley Browne, M., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Al-Hamzawi, A., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M.C., Bouzan, C., Bruffaerts, R., Bunting, B., Caldas-de-Almeida, J.M., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Florescu, S., Fukao, A., Gureje, O., Hinkov, H.R., Hu, C., Hwang, I., Karam, E.G., Kostyuchenko, S., Kovess-Masfety, V., Levinson, D., Liu, Z., Medina-Mora, M.E., Nizamie, S.H., Posada-Villa, J., Sampson, N.A., Stein, D.J., Viana, M.C., Kessler, R.C. (2013). Drop out from out-patient mental healthcare in the World Health Organization’s World Mental Health Survey Initiative. British Journal of Psychiatry 202(1), 42-49. PubMed Abstract

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2012 NCS Publications

Alegría, M., Lin, J. Y., Green, J.G., Sampson, N. A., Gruber, M. J., Kessler, R.C. (2012).  Role of referrals in mental health service disparities for racial and ethnic minority youth.  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 51(7), 703-711. PubMed Abstract

Bruffaerts, R., Demyttenaere, K., Andrade, L.H., Borges, G., Chiu, W.T., de Graaf, R., Deming, C.A., Hwang, I., Sampson, N.A., Williams, D.R., Kessler, R.C., & Nock, M.K. (2012). Childhood adversities as risk factors for onset and persistence of suicidal behavior. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 113-130). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Bruffaerts, R., Vilagut, G., Demyttenaere, K., Alonso, J., Alhamzawi, A., Andrade, L.H., Benjet, C., Bromet, E., Bunting, B., de Girolamo, G., Florescu, S., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., He, Y., Hinkov, H., Hu, C., Karam, E.G., Lepine, J.P., Levinson, D., Matschinger, H., Nakane, Y., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Scott, K.M., Varghese, M., Williams, D.R., Xavier, M., Kessler, R.C. (2012). Role of common mental and physical disorders in partial disability around the world.  British Journal of Psychiatry 200(6), 454-461. PubMed Abstract

Eaton, W.W., Alexandre, P., Kessler, R.C., Martins, S.S., Mortensen, P.B., Rebok, G.W., Storr, C.L., Roth, K. (2012). The Population Dynamics of Mental Disorders. In Eaton,W.W. (Ed.), Public Mental Health (pp.125-150). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gadermann, A.M., Alonso, J., Vilagut, G., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2012) Comorbidity and disease burden in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Depression & Anxiety, 29(9), 41-51. Appendix Tables and Figures, PubMed Abstract

Green, J.G., Avenevoli, S., Gruber, M.J., Kessler, R.C., Lakoma, M.D., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2012).  Validation of diagnoses of distress disorders in the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent (NCS-A) Supplement.  International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 21(1), 41-51. PubMed Abstract

Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., Kessler, R.C., Lin, J.Y., McLaughlin, K.A., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Alegria, M. (2012).  Diagnostic validity across racial and ethnic groups in the assessment of adolescent DSM-IV Disorders.  International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. 21(4), 311-320. PubMed Abstract

Gureje, O., Oladeji, B., Deming, C.A., Chiu, W.T., Alonso, J., Borges, G., He, Y., Hwang, I., Kovess-Masféty, V. Posada-Villa, J., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C., & Nock, M.K. (2012). Parental psychopathology and the risk of suicidal behavior. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 101-112). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Kawakami, N., Abdulghani, E.A., Alonso, J., Bromet, E.J., Bruffaerts, R., Caldas-de-Almeida, J.M., Chiu, W.T., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Fayyad, J., Ferry, F., Florescu, S., Gurege, O., Hu, C., Lakoma, M.D., Leblanc, W., Lee, S., Levinson, D., Malhotra, S., Matschinger, H., Medina-Mora, M.E., Nakamura, Y., Oakley Browne, M.A., Okoliyski, M., Posada-Villa, J., Sampson, N.A., Viana, M.C., Kessler, R.C. (2012). Early-life mental disorders and adult household income in the World Mental Health Surveys. Biological Psychiatry 72(3), 228-237. Appendix Tables, PubMed abstract

Kessler, R.C. The costs of depression. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 35(1), 1-14. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Borges, G., Chiu, W.T., Fayyad, J., Oakley Browne, M., Ono, Y., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., & Nock, M.K. (2012). Persistence of suicidal behavior over time. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 75-85). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Kessler, R.C., Avenevoli, S., Costello, E.J., Georgia,K., Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., He, J.-P., Koretz, D., McLaughlin, K.A., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Merikangas, K.R. (2012).  Prevalence, persistence, and socio-demographic correlates of DSM-IV disorders in the NCS-R Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Archives of General Psychiatry 69(4), 372-380. Appendix tables, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Avenevoli, S., Costello, E.J., Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., McLaughlin, K.A., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Merikangas, K.R. (2012).  Severity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the NCS-R Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A).  Archives of General Psychiatry69(4), 381-389. Appendix tables, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Avenevoli, S., McLaughlin, K.A., Green, J.G., Lakoma, M.D., Petukhova, M., Pine, D.S., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Merikangas, K.R. (2012). Lifetime comorbidity of DSM-IV disorders in the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCSA). Psychological Medicine 42(9), 1997-2010. Appendix tables, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Harkness, J., Heeringa, S.G., Pennell, B.-E., Zaslavsky, A.M., Borges, G., Ono, Y., & Nock, M.K. (2012). Methods of the World Mental Health Surveys. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 33-64). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Kessler, R.C., Lane, M.C., Shahly, V., Stang, P.E. (2012).  Accounting for comorbidity in assessing the burden of epilepsy among US adults: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R).  Molecular Psychiatry 17(7), 748-758. Appendix tables, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., McLaughlin, K.A., Koenen, K.C., Petukhova, M., Hill, E.D., and The WHO World Mental Health Survey Consortium (2012). The importance of secondary trauma exposure for post-disaster mental disorder. Epidemoiology and Psychiatric Sciences 21, 35-45. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Wittchen, H.-U. (2012).  Twelve-month and lifetime prevalence and lifetime morbid risk of anxiety and mood disorders in the US.  International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 21(3), 169-184. PubMed Abstract

McLaughlin, K.A., Gadermann, A.M., Hwang, I., Sampson, N.A., Al-Hamzawi, A., Andrade, L.H., Angermeyer, M.C., Benjet, C., Bromet, E.J., Bruffaerts, R., Caldas-de-Almeida, J.M., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Florescu, S., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., Hinkov, H.R., Horiguchi, I., Hu, C., Karam, A.N., Kovess-Masfety, V., Lee, S., Murphy, S.D., Haque Nizamie, S., Posada-Villa, J., Williams, D.R., Kessler, R.C. (2012). Parent psychopathology and offspring mental disorders in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. British Journal of Psychiatry 200(4), 290-299. PubMed Abstract

McLaughlin, K.A., Green, J.G., Alegria, M., Costello, E., Gruber, M.J., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C. (2012). Food insecurity and mental disorders in a national sample of U.S. adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 51(12), 1293-303. PubMed Abstract

McLaughlin, K.A., Green , J.G., Gruber , M.J., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2012).  Childhood adversities and first onset of psychiatric disorders in a national sample of US adolescents.  Archives of General Psychiatry 69(11), 1151-1160. Appendix tables, PubMed Abstract

McLaughlin, K.A., Green, J.G., Hwang, I., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2012).  Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement.  Archives of General Psychiatry. PubMed Abstract

McLaughlin, K.A., Costello, E.J., Leblanc, W., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C. (2012).  Socioeconomic status and adolescent mental disorders. American Journal of Public Health 102(9), 1742-1750. Appendix tables, PubMed Abstract

Nock, M.K., Borges, Bromet, E.J., Cha, C.B., Kessler, R.C., & Lee, S. (2012). The epidemiology of suicide and suicidal behavior. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 5-32). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Nock, M.K., Deming, C.A., Chiu, W.T., Hwang, I., Angermeyer, M., Borges, G., Beautrais, A., Viana, M.C., Karam, E.G., Kawakami, N., Sampson, N.A., Sudhakar, T.P., & Kessler, R.C. (2012). Mental disorders, comorbidity, and suicidal behavior. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 148-163). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Scott, K.M., Chiu, W.T., Hwang, I., Borges, G., Florescu, S., Levinson, D., Haro, J.M., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C., & Nock, M.K. (2012). Chronic physical conditions and the onset of suicidal behavior. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 164-178). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Stein, D.J., Chiu, W.T., Hwang, I., Borges, G., Huang, Y., Matschinger, H., Ormel, J., Sampson, N.A., Viana, M.C., Kessler, R.C., & Nock, M.K. (2012). Traumatic events and suicidal behavior. In M.K. Nock, G. Borges, & Y. Ono (Eds.), Suicide: Global Perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys (pp. 131-147). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Troost, J.P., Barondess, D.A., Storr, C.L., Wells, J.E., Al-Hamzawi, A.O., Andrade, L.H., Bromet, E., Bruffaerts, R., Florescu, S., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., Hu, C., Huang, Y., Karam, A.N., Kessler, R.C., Lepine, J.-P., Matschinger, H., Medina Mora, M.E., O'Neill, S., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Takeshima, T., Tomov, T., Williams, D.R., Anthony, J.C. (2012). An updated global picture of tobacco smoking persistence among adults. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 2(3), 135-144.

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2011 NCS Publications

Breslau, J., Miller, E., Jin, R., Sampson, N.A., Alonso, J., Andrade, L.H., Bromet, E.J., de Girolamo, G., Demyttenaere, K., Fayyad, J., Fukao, A., Gălăon, M., Gureje, O., He, Y., Hinkov, H.R., Hu, C., Kovess-Masfety, V., Matschinger, H., Medina-Mora, M.E., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Scott, K.M., Kessler, R.C. (2011).  A multinational study of mental disorders, marriage, and divorce. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 124(6), 474-486. PubMed Abstract

Dworsky, A., White, C.R., O'Brien, K., Pecora, P., Courtney, M., Kessler, R.C., Sampson, N., Hwang, I. (2011). Beyond disproportionality: Are there racial or ethnic differences in foster care alumni outcomes? In D.K. Green, K. Belanger, R.G. McRoy & L. Bullard (Eds.), Challenging Racial Disproportionality in Child Welfare (pp. 219-229). Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.

Green, J.G., Avenevoli, S., Finkelman, M., Gruber, M.J., Kessler, R.C., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2011). Validation of the diagnoses of panic disorder and phobic disorders in the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent (NCS-A) Supplement. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 20(2), 105-115. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2011).  The National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) and its extensions.  In M.T. Tsuang, M. Tohen, & P.B. Jones (Eds.), Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology (p.221-241).  West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Kessler, R.C., Adler, L., Barkley, R., Biederman, J., Conners, C.K., Greenhill, L.L., Spencer, T. (2011). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD. In J.K. Buitelaar, C. Kan, & P. Asherson (Eds.), ADHD in Adults (p.9-17). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Kessler, R.C., Cox, B.J., Green, J.G., Ormel, J., McLaughlin, K.A., Merikangas, K.R., Petukhova, M., Pine, D.S., Russo, L.J., Swendsen, J., Wittchen, H.U., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2011).  The effects of latent variables in the development of comorbidity among common mental disorders.  Depression and Anxiety 28(1), 29-39. PubMed Abstract

McLaughlin, K.A., Breslau, J., Green, J.G., Lakoma, M.D., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2011).  Childhood socio-economic status and the onset, persistence, and severity of DSM-IV mental disorders in a US national sample.  Social Science and Medicine 73(7), 1088-1096. PubMed Abstract, Appendix table

Merikangas, K.R., Jin, R., He, J.-P., Kessler, R.C., Lee, S., Sampson, N.A., Viana, M.C., Andrade, L.H., Hu, C., Karam, E.G., Ladea, M., Medina Mora, M.E., Ono, Y., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Wells, J.E., Zarkov, Z. (2011).  Prevalence and correlates of bipolar spectrum disorder in the World Mental Health Survey Initiative.  Archives of General Psychiatry 68(3), 241-251. PubMed Abstract, Appendix table

Mojtabai, R., Olfson, M., Sampson, N.A., Jin, R., Druss, B., Wang, P.
S., Wells, K.B., Pincus, H.A., Kessler, R.C. (2011).  Barriers to mental health treatment: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.  Psychological Medicine 41(8), 1751-1761. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

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2010 NCS Publications

Angst, J., Cui, L., Swendsen, J., Rothen, S., Cravchik, A., Kessler, R., Merikangas, K. (2010). Major depressive disorder with sub-threshold bipolarity in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. American Journal of Psychiatry 167(10), 1194-1201.

Borges, G., Nock, M.K., Haro Abad, J.M., Hwang, I., Sampson, N.A., Alonso, J., Andrade, L.H., Angermeyer, M.C., Beautrais, A., Bromet, E., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., Florescu, S., Gureje, O., Hu, C., Karam, E.G., Kovess-Masfety, V., Lee, S., Levinson, D., Medina-Mora, M.E., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Tomov, T., Uda, H., Williams, D.R., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Twelve-month prevalence of and risk factors for suicide attempts in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 71(12), 1617-1628. Appendix tables

Fava, M., Hwang, I., Rush, A.J., Sampson, N., Walters, E.E., Kessler, R.C. (2010). The importance of irritability as a symptom of major depressive disorder: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry 15(8), 856-867. Appendix tables

Green, J.G., Avenevoli, S., Finkelman, M., Gruber, M.J., Kessler, R.C., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2010). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Concordance of the adolescent version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Version 3.0 (CIDI) with the K-SADS in the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent (NCS-A) Supplement. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 19(1), 34-49. PubMed Abstract

Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Improving the K6 short scale to predict serious emotional disturbance in adolescents in the USA. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 19(S1), 23-35. PubMed Abstract, Memorandum

Green, J.G., McLaughlin, K.A., Berglund, P.A., Gruber, M.J., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication I: Associations with first onset of DSM-IV disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry 67(2), 113-123. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Birnbaum, H., Bromet, E., Hwang, I., Sampson, N., Shahly, V. (2010). Age differences in major depression: Results from the National Comorbidity Surveys Replication (NCS-R). Psychological Medicine 40(2), 225-237. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Kessler, R.C., Birnbaum, H., Shahly, V., Bromet, E., Hwang, I., McLaughlin, K.A., Sampson, N., Andrade, L.H., de Girolamo, G., Demyttenaere, K., Haro, J.M., Karam, A.N., Kostyuchenko, S., Kovess, V., Lara, C., Levinson, D., Matschinger, H., Nakane, Y., Oakley Browne, M., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Stein, D.J. (2010). Age differences in the prevalence and comorbidity of DSM-IV major depressive episodes: Results from the WHO World Mental Health Survey Initiative. Depression & Anxiety 27(4), 351-364. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Kessler, R.C., Green, J.G., Adler, L.A., Barkley, R.A., Chatterji, S., Faraone, S.V., Finkelman, M., Greenhill, L.L., Gruber, M.J., Jewell, M., Russo, L.J., Sampson, N.A., Van Brunt, D.L. (2010). Structure and diagnosis of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Analysis of expanded symptom criteria from the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale.Archives of General Psychiatry67(11), 1168-1178.

Kessler, R.C., Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., Sampson, N.A., Bromet, E., Cuitan, M., Furukawa, T.A., Gureje, O., Hinkov, H., Hu, C.Y., Lara, C., Lee, S., Mneimneh, Z., Myer, L., Oakley Browne, M.A., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Viana, M.C., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2010). Screening for serious mental illness in the general population with the K6 screening scale: Results from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 19(1), 4-22. PubMed Abstract, Appendix Tables, Erratum

Kessler, R.C., Shahly, V., Stang, P.E., Lane, M.C. (2010). The associations of migraines and other headaches with work performance: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Cephalalgia 30(6), 722-734. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

McLaughlin, K.A., Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication II: Associations with persistence of DSM-IV disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry 67(2), 124-132. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

McLaughlin, K.A., Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) III: Associations with functional impairment related to DSM-IV disorders. Psychological Medicine 40(5), 847–859. PubMed Abstract

Nierenberg, A.A., Akiskal, H.S., Angst, J., Hirschfeld, R.M., Merikangas, K.R., Petukhova, M., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Bipolar disorder with frequent mood episodes in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Molecular Psychiatry 15(11), 1075-1087. Appendix tables

Nock, M.K., Hwang, I., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Mental disorders, comorbidity and suicidal behavior: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry 15(8), 868-876. Appendix tables

Full text Ruscio, A.M., Stein, D.J., Chiu, W.T., Kessler, R.C. (2010). The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry 15(1), 53-63. PubMed Abstract

Full text Stein, D.J., Chiu, W.-T., Hwang, I., Kessler, R.C., Sampson, N., Alonso, J., Borges, G., Bromet, E., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., Florescu, S., Gureje, O., He, Y., Kovess-Masfety, V., Levinson, D., Matschinger, H., Mneimneh, Z., Nakamura, Y., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Scott, K.M., Tomov, T., Viana, M.C., Williams, D.R., Nock, M.K. (2010). Cross-national analysis of the associations between traumatic events and suicidal behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. PLoS One 5(5), e10574. PubMed Abstract

Stein, D.J., Ruscio, A.M., Lee, S., Petukhova, M., Alonso, J., Andrade, L.H., Benjet, C., Bromet, E., Demyttenaere, K., Florescu, S., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Gureje, O., He, Y., Hinkov, H., Hu, C-Y., Iwata, N., Karam, E.G., Lepine, J.P., Matschinger, H., Oakley Browne, M., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Williams, D.R., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Subtyping social anxiety disorder in developed and developing countries. Depression & Anxiety 27(4), 390-403. PubMed Abstract

Storr, C.L., Cheng, H., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Gureje, O., Karam, E.G., Kostyuchenko, S., Lee, S., Lepine, J.-P., Medina Mora , M.E., Myer, L., Neumark, Y., Posada-Villa, J., Watanabe, M., Wells, J.E., Kessler, R.C., Anthony, J.C. (2010) Smoking estimates from around the world: Data from the first 17 participating countries in the World Mental Health Survey Consortium. Tobacco Control 19(1), 65-74. PubMed Abstract

Swendsen, J., Conway, K.P., Degenhardt, L., Glantz, M., Jin, R., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, N., Kessler, R.C. (2010). Mental disorders as risk factors for substance use, abuse and dependence: Results from the 10-year follow-up of the National Comorbidity Survey. Addiction 105(6), 1117-1128. PubMed Abstract

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2009 NCS Publications

Alonso, J., Buron, A., Bruffaerts, R., He, Y., Posada-Villa, J., Lepine, J.P., Angermeyer, M., Levinson, D., de Girolamo, G., Tachimori, H., Mneimneh, Z., Medina Mora, M.E., Ormel, J., Scott, K.M., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., Gluzman, S., Lee, S., Vilagut, G., Kessler, R.C., Von Korff, M. (2009). Association of perceived stigma and mood and anxiety disorders: Results from the World Mental Health Surveys. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 118(4), 305-314. PubMed Abstract

Full text Degenhardt, L., Chiu, W.T., Conway, K., Dierker, L., Glantz, M., Kalaydjian, A., Merikangas, K., Sampson, N., Swendsen, J., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Does the “gateway” matter? Associations between the order of drug use initiation and the development of drug dependence in the National Comorbidity Study Replication. Psychological Medicine 39(1), 157-167.

Full text Dierker, L., He, J., Kalaydjian, A., Swendsen, J., Degenhardt, L., Glantz, M., Conway, K., Anthony, J., Chiu, W.T., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R., Merikangas, K. (2008). The importance of timing of transitions for risk of regular smoking and nicotine dependence. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 36(1):87-92. PubMed Abstract

Full text Druss, B.G., Hwang, I., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N. A., Wang, P.S., Kessler, R. C. (2009). Impairment in role functioning in mental and chronic medical disorders in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry 14(7), 728-737. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Glantz, M.D., Anthony, J.C., Berglund, P.A., Degenhardt, L., Dierker, L., Kalaydjian, A., Merikangas, K.R., Ruscio, A.M., Swendsen, J., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Mental disorders as risk factors for later substance dependence: Estimates for optimal prevention and treatment benefits. Psychological Medicine 39(8), 1365-77. PubMed Abstract

Huang, Y., Kotov, R., de Girolamo, G., Preti, A., Angermeyer, M., Benjet, C., Demyttenaere, K., de Graaf, R., Gureje, O., Karam, A.N., Lee, S., Lépine, J.P., Matschinger, H., Posada-Villa, J., Suliman, S., Vilagut, G., Kessler, R.C. (2009). DSM-IV personality disorders in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. British Journal of Psychiatry 195(1), 46–53. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Kalaydjian, A., Swendsen, J., Chiu, W.-T., Dierker, L., Degenhardt, L., Glantz, M., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, N., Kessler, R. (2009). Sociodemographic predictors of transitions across stages of alcohol use, disorders and remission in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication. Comprehensive Psychiatry 50(4), 299-306. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alonso, J., Chatterji, S., Lee, S., Üstun, T.B. (2009). The WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. Die Psychiatrie 6(1), 5-9.

Full text Kessler R.C., Avenevoli, S., Costello, E.J., Green, J. Greif, Gruber, M.J., Heeringa, S., Merikangas, K.R., Pennell, B-E, Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2009). Design and field procedures in the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent (NCS-A) Supplement. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 18(2), 69-83. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Kessler, R.C., Avenevoli, S., Costello, E.J., Green, J.G., Gruber, M.J., Heeringa, S., Merikangas, K.R., Pennell, B-E., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2009). The National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A): II. Overview and design. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 48(4), 380-385. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Avenevoli, S., Greif Green, J., Gruber, M.J., Heeringa, S., Guyer, M., He, Y., Jin, R., Kaufman, J., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2009). The National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A): III. Concordance of DSM-IV/CIDI diagnoses with clinical reassessments. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 48(4), 386-399. PubMed Abstract

Full text Kessler, R.C., Borges, G., Sampson, N., Miller, M., Nock, M.K. (2009). The association between smoking and subsequent suicide-related outcomes in the National Comorbidity Survey panel sample. Molecular Psychiatry 14(12), 1132-1142. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Kessler, R.C., Ruscio, A.M., Shear, K., Wittchen, H.-U. (2009). The epidemiology of anxiety disorders. In M.M. Antony & M.B. Stein (Eds.), Handbook of Anxiety and the Anxiety Disorders (p. 19-32). New York: Oxford University Press.

Full text Lara, C., Fayyad, J., de Graaf, R., Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Angermeyer, M., Demytteneare, K., de Girolamo, G., Haro, J.M., Jin, R., Karam, E.G., Lépine, J.P., Mora, M.E., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Sampson, N. (2009). Childhood predictors of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Results from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative. Biological Psychiatry 65(1), 46-54. PubMed Abstract

Full text Lee, S., Tsang, A., Breslau, J., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Angermeyer, M., Borges, G., Bromet., E., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., Fayyad, J., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., Kawakami, N., Levinson, D., Oakley Browne, M.A., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Williams, D., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Mental disorders and termination of education in high-income and low- and middle-income countries: epidemiological study. British Journal of Psychiatry 194(5), 411-417.

Full text Lee, S., Tsang, A., Ruscio, A.M., Haro, J.M., Stein, D., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M., Bromet, E., Demyttenaere, K., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Gureje, O., Iwata, N., Karam, E.G., Lepine, J-P., Levinson, D., Medina-Mora, M.E., Oakley Browne, M.A., Posada-Villa, J., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Implications of modifying the duration requirement of generalized anxiety disorder in developed and developing countries. Psychological Medicine 39(7), 1163-1176. PubMed Abstract

Full text Lee, S., Tsang, A., Von Korff, M., de Graaf, R., Benjet, C., Haro, J.M., Angermeyer, M., Demyttenaere, K., de Girolamo, G., Gasquet, I., Merikangas, K., Posada-Villa, J., Takeshima, T., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Association of headache with childhood adversity and mental disorder: Cross-national study. British Journal of Psychiatry 194(2), 111-116. PubMed Abstract

Full text Merikangas, K.R., Avenevoli, S., Costello, E.J., Koretz, D., Kessler, R.C. (2009). The National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A): I. Background and measures. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 48(4), 367-369. PubMed Abstract

Nock, M.K., Hwang, I., Sampson, N., Kessler, R.C., Angermeyer, M., Beautrais, A., Borges, G., Bromet, E., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Florescu, S., Gureje, O, Haro, J.M., Hu, C., Huang, Y., Karam, E.G., Kawakami, N., Kovess, V., Levinson, D., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Tomov, T., Viana, M.C., Williams, D.R. (2009). Cross-national analysis of the associations among mental disorders and suicidal behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. PLoS Medicine 6(8), e1000123 doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000123. Appendix tables

Full text Nock, M.K., Hwang, I., Sampson, N., Kessler, R.C., Angermeyer, M., Beautrais, A., Borges, G., Bromet, E., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Florescu, S., Gureje, O, Haro, J.M., Hu, C., Huang, Y., Karam, E.G., Kawakami, N., Kovess, V., Levinson, D., Posada-Villa, J., Sagar, R., Tomov, T., Viana, M.C., Williams, D.R. (2009). Cross-national analysis of the associations among mental disorders and suicidal behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. PLoS Medicine 6(8):e1000123. PubMed Abstract

Roy-Byrne, P.P., Joesch, J.M., Wang, P.S., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Low socioeconomic status and mental health care use among respondents with anxiety and depression in the NCS-R. Psychiatric Services 60(9), 1190-1197. PubMed Abstract

Full text Scott, K.M., Von Korff, M., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M.C., Bromet, E., Fayyad, J., de Girolamo, G., Demyttenaere, K., Gasquet, I., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., He, Y. Kessler, R.C., Levinson, D., Medina-Mora, M.E., Oakley, Browne, M. Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J., Watanabe, M., Williams, D. (2009). Mental-physical comorbidity and its relationship with disability: results from the World Mental Health Surveys. Psychological Medicine 39(1), 33-43. PubMed Abstract

Full text Swendsen, J., Conway, K.P., Degenhardt, L., Dierker, L., Glantz, M., Jin, R., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, S., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Sociodemographic risk factors for alcohol and drug dependence: The 10-year follow-up of the National Comorbidity Survey. Addiction 104(8), 1346-1355. PubMed Abstract

Full text Olfson, M., Mojtabai, R., Sampson, N.A., Hwang, I., Druss, B., Wang, P.S., Wells, K.B., Pincus, H.A., Kessler, R.C. (2009). Dropout from outpatient mental health care in the United States. Psychiatric Services 60(7), 898-907. PubMed Abstract

Full text Von Korff, M., Alonso, J., Ormel, J., Angermeyer, M., Bruffaerts, R., Fleiz, C., de Girolamo, G., Kessler, R.C., Kovess-Masfety, V., Posada-Villa, J., Scott,, K.M., Uda, H. (2009). Childhood psychosocial stressors and adult onset arthritis: Broad spectrum risk factors and allostatic load. Pain 143(1-2), 76-83. PubMed Abstract

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2008 NCS Publications

Full text Borges, G., Angst, J., Nock, M.K., Ruscio, A.M., Kessler, R.C. (2008). Risk factors for the incidence and persistence of suicide-related outcomes: A 10-year follow-up study using the National Comorbidity Surveys. Journal of Affective Disorders, 105(1-3), 25-33. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Breslau, J., Lane, M., Sampson, N., Kessler, R.C. (2008). Mental disorders and subsequent educational attainment in a US national sample. Journal of Psychiatric Research 42(9), 708-716. PubMed Abstract

Full text de Graaf, R., Kessler, R.C., Fayyad, J., ten Have, M., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M., Borges, G., Demyttenaere, K., Gasquet, I., de Girolamo, G., Haro, J.M., Jin, R., Karam, E.G., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J. (2008). The prevalence and effects of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on the performance of workers: Results from the WHO World Mental Health Survey Initiative. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 65(12), 835-842. PubMed Abstract

Dierker, L., He, J., Kalaydjian, A., Swendsen, J., Degenhardt, L., Glantz, M., Conway, K., Anthony, J., Chiu, W.T., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R., Merikangas, K. (2008). The importance of timing of transitions for risk of regular smoking and nicotine dependence. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 36(1), 87-92. PubMed Abstract

Gureje, O., Von Korff, M., Kola, L., Demyttenaere, K., He, Y., Posada-Villa, J., Lépine, J.-P., Angermeyer, M.C., Levinson, D., de Girolamo, G., Iwata, N., Karam, A., Guimaraes Borges, G.L., de Graaf, R., Browne, M.O., Stein, D.J., Haro, J.M., Bromet, E.J., Kessler, R.C., Alonso, J. (2008). The relation between multiple pains and mental disorders: Results from the World Mental Health Surveys. Pain 135(1-2), 82-91. PubMed Abstract

Full text He, Y., Zhang, M., Lin, E. H. B., Bruffaerts, R., Posada-Villa, J., Angermeyer, M.C., Levinson, D., de Girolamo, G., Uda, H., Mneimneh, Z., Benjet, C., de Graaf, R., Scott, K. M.,Gureje, O., Seedat, S., Haro, J.M., Bromet, E.J., Alonso, J., von Korff, M., Kessler, R.C. (2008). Mental disorders among persons with arthritis: results from the World Mental Health Surveys. Psychological Medicine 38(11), 1639–1650. PubMed Abstract

Full text Kessler, R.C., Gruber, M., Hettema, J.M., Hwang, I., Sampson, N., Yonkers, K.A. (2008). Co-morbid major depression and generalized anxiety disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey follow-up. Psychological Medicine, 38(3), 365-374.PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Kessler, R.C., Heeringa, S., Lakoma, M.D., Petukhova, M., Rupp, A.E., Schoenbaum, M., Wang, P.S., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2008). Individual and societal effects of mental disorders on earnings in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. American Journal of Psychiatry 165(6), 703-711. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Kessler, R.C., Hwang, I., LaBrie, R., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N.A., Winters, K.C., Shaffer, H.J. (2008). The prevalence and correlates of DSM-IV pathological gambling in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Psychological Medicine 38(9), 1351-1360. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Kessler, R.C., Merikangas, K.R., Wang, P.S. (2008). The prevalence and correlates of workplace depression in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 50(4), 381-390. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. & Üstün, T.B. (Eds.) (2008). The WHO World Mental Health Surveys: Global Perspectives on the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kessler, R.C., Wang, P.S. (2008). The descriptive epidemiology of commonly occurring mental disorders in the United States. Annual Review of Public Health 29, 115-129. PubMed Abstract

Full text Nock, M.K., Borges, G., Bromet, E.J., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M., Beautrais, A., Bruffaerts, R., Chiu, W.T., de Girolamo, G., Gluzman, S., de Graaf, R., Gureje, O., Haro, J.M., Huang, Y., Karam, E., Kessler, R.C., Lépine, J.-P., Levinson, D., Medina-Mora, M.E., Ono, Y., Posada-Villa, J., Williams, D. (2008). Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. British Journal of Psychiatry 192, 98-105. PubMed Abstract

Full text Ormel, J., Petukhova, M., Chatterji, S., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M.C., Bromet, E.J., Burger, H., Demyttenaere, K., de Girolamo, G., Haro, J.M., Hwang, I., Karam, E., Kawakami, N., Lépine, J.-P., Medina-Mora, M.E., Posada-Villa, J., Sampson, N., Scott, K., Üstun, T.B., Von Korff, M., Williams, D.R., Zhang, M., Kessler, R.C. (2008). Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world. British Journal of Psychiatry 192(5), 368-375. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Ruscio, A.M., Brown, T.A., Chiu, W.T., Sareen, J., Stein, M.B., Kessler, R.C. (2008). Social fears and social phobia in the USA: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Psychological Medicine, 38(1), 15-28. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Saunders, K., Merikangas, K., Low, N.C., Von Korff, M., Kessler, R.C. (2008). Impact of comorbidity on headache-related disability. Neurology, 70(7), 538-547. PubMed Abstract

Swendsen, J., Anthony, J.C., Conway, K.P., Degenhardt, L., Dierker, L., Glantz, M., He, J., Kalaydjian, A., Kessler, R.C., Sampson, N., Merikangas, K.R. (2008). Improving targets for the prevention of drug use disorders: Sociodemographic, predictors of transitions across drug use stages in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Preventive Medicine 47(6), 629-634. PubMed Abstract

Full text Scott, K.M., Von Korff, M., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M., Bromet, E.J., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Fernandez, A., Gureje, O., He, Y., Kessler, R.C., Kovess, V., Levinson, D., Medina-Mora, M.E., Mneimneh, Z., Oakley Browne, M.A., Posada-Villa, J., Tachimori, H., Williams, D. (2008). Age patterns in the prevalence of DSM-IV depressive/anxiety disorders with and without physical co-morbidity. Psychological Medicine 38(11), 1659-1669. PubMed Abstract

Scott, K.M., Von Korff, M., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M.C., Benjet, C., Bruffaerts, R., de Girolamo, G., Haro, J.M., Kessler, R.C., Kovess, V., Ono, Y., Ormel, J., Posada-Villa, J. (2008). Childhood adversity, early-onset depressive/anxiety disorders, and adult-onset asthma. Psychosomatic Medicine 70(9), 1035-1043. PubMed Abstract

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2007 NCS Publications

Breslau, J., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Borges, G., Castilla-Puentes, R.C., Kendler, K.S., Medina-Mora, M.-E., Su, M., Kessler, R.C. (2007). Mental disorders among English-speaking Mexican immigrants to the US compared to a national sample of Mexicans. Psychiatry Research, 151(1-2), 115-122. PubMed Abstract

Full text Degenhardt, L., Chiu, W.T., Sampson, N., Kessler, R.C., Anthony, J.C. (2007). Epidemiological patterns of drug use in the United States: Evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, 2001-2003. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 90(2-3), 210-223. PubMed Abstract

Full text Druss, B.G., Wang, P.S., Sampson, N.A., Olfson, M., Pincus, H.A., Wells, K.B., Kessler, R.C. (2007). Understanding mental health treatment in persons without mental diagnoses: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(10), 1196-1203. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Hudson, J.I., Hiripi, E., Pope, H.G., Jr., Kessler, R.C. (2007). The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biological Psychiatry, 61(3), 348-358. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables, Erratum, Commentary, Podcast

Full text Kessler, R.C. (2007). The global burden of anxiety and mood disorders: Putting the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) findings into perspective. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 68 (suppl. 2), 10-19.

Full text Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Borges, G., Castilla-Puentes, R.C., Glantz, M.D., Jaeger, S.A., Merikangas, K.R., Nock, M.K., Russo, L.J., Stang, P.E. (2007). Smoking and suicidal behaviors in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195(5), 369-377. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Merikangas, K.R. (2007). Drug use disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey: Have we come a long way? -- reply. [A response letter to Cottler]. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(3), 381-382.

Kessler, R.C., Merikangas, K.R., Wang, P.S. (2007). Prevalence, comorbidity, and service utilization for mood disorders in the United States at the beginning of the twenty-first century. In S. Nolen-Hoeksema, T. Cannon & T. Widiger (Eds.), Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, Volume 3 (pp. 137-158). Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews.

Full text Lenzenweger, M.F., Lane, M.C., Loranger, A.W., Kessler, R.C. (2007). DSM-IV personality disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biological Psychiatry, 62(6), 553-564. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Full text Merikangas, K.R., Akiskal, H.S., Angst, J., Greenberg, P.E., Hirschfeld, R.M., Petukhova, M., Kessler, R.C. (2007). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(5), 543-552. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables, Erratum

Full text Merikangas, K.R., Ames, M., Cui, L., Stang, P.E., Ustun, T.B., Von Korff, M., Kessler, R.C. (2007). The impact of comorbidity of mental and physical conditions on role disability in the US adult household population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(10), 1180-1188. PubMed Abstract

Nock, M.K., Kazdin, A.E., Hiripi, E., Kessler, R.C. (2007). Lifetime prevalence, correlates, and persistence of oppositional defiant disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(7), 703-713. PubMed Abstract

Full text Ruscio, A.M., Chiu, W.T., Roy-Byrne, P., Stang, P.E., Stein, D.J., Wittchen, H.-U., Kessler, R.C. (2007). Broadening the definition of generalized anxiety disorder: Effects on prevalence and associations with other disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 21(5), 662-676. PubMed Abstract

Scott, K.M., Bruffaerts, R., Tsang, A., Ormel, J., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M.C., Benjet, C., Bromet, E., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Gasquet, I., Gureye, O., Haro, J.M., He, Y., Kessler, R.C., Levinson, D., Mneimneh, Z.N., Oakley Browne, M.A., Posada-Villa, J., Stein, D.J., Takeshima, T., Von Korff, M. (2007). Depression-anxiety relationships with chronic physical conditions: Results from the World Mental Health surveys. Journal of Affective Disorders 103(1-3), 113-120.

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2006 NCS Publications

Adler, L.A., Spencer, T., Faraone, S.V., Kessler, R.C., Howes, M.J., Biederman, J., Secnik, K. (2006). Validity of pilot Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) to rate adult ADHD symptoms. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 18(3), 145-148. PubMed Abstract

Full text Borges, G., Angst, J., Nock, M.K., Ruscio, A.M., Walters, E.E., Kessler, R.C. (2006). A risk index for 12-month suicide attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Psychological Medicine, 36(12), 1747-1758. PubMed Abstract

Full text Breslau, J., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Kendler, K.S., Su, M., Williams, D., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Specifying race-ethnic differences in risk for psychiatric disorder in a USA national sample. Psychological Medicine, 36(1), 57-68. PubMed Abstract

Haro, J.M., Arbabzadeh-Bouchez, S., Brugha, T.S., de Girolamo, G., Guyer, M.E., Jin, R., Lepine, J-P., Mazzi, F., Reneses, B., Vilagut, G., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Concordance of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Version 3.0 (CIDI 3.0) with standardized clinical assessments in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 15(4), 167-180.  PubMed Abstract

Full text Kessler, R.C., Akiskal, H.S., Angst, J., Guyer, M., Hirschfeld, R.M., Merikangas, K.R., Stang, P.E. (2006). Validity of the assessment of bipolar spectrum disorders in the WHO CIDI 3.0. Journal of Affective Disorders, 96(3), 259-269. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables

Kessler, R.C. (2006). The epidemiology of depression among women. In C. Keyes & S. Goodman (Eds.), A Handbook for the Social, Behavioral, and Biomedical Sciences: Women and Depression (pp. 22-37). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Full text Kessler, R.C., Adler, L., Barkley, R., Biederman, J., Connors, C.K., Demler, O., Faraone, S.V., Greenhill, L.L., Howes, M.J., Secnik, K., Spencer, T., Ustun, T.B., Walters, E.E., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(4), 716-723. PubMed Abstract, Appendix tables, Commentary (also available in Adobe PDF format here)

Full text Kessler, R.C., Akiskal, H.S., Ames, M., Birnbaum, H., Greenberg, P., Hirschfeld, R.M., Jin, R., Merikangas, K.R., Simon, G.E., Wang, P.S. (2006). Prevalence and effects of mood disorders on work performance in a nationally representative sample of US workers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(9), 1561-1568. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Akiskal, H.S., Angst, J., Hirschfeld, R.M.A., Merikangas, K.R., Wang, P.S., Whitehouse, D.J. (2006). The workplace costs of mood disorders: Bringing bipolar spectrum disorder into the equation. Journal of Health & Productivity, 1(1), 3-8.

Kessler, R.C., Chiu, W.T., Colpe, L., Demler, O., Merikangas, K.R., Walters, E.E., Wang, P.S. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of serious mental illness (SMI) in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). In R.W. Manderscheid & J.T. Berry (Eds.), Mental Health, United States, 2004 (pp. 134-148). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Full text Kessler, R.C., Chiu, W.T., Jin, R., Ruscio, A.M., Shear, K., Walters, E.E. (2006). The epidemiology of panic attacks, panic disorder, and agoraphobia in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63(4), 415-424. PubMed Abstract

Full text Kessler, R.C., Coccaro, E.F., Fava, M., Jaeger, S., Walters, E.E. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of DSM-IV intermittent explosive disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63(6), 669-678. PubMed Abstract

Full text Nock, M.K., Kazdin, A.E., Hiripi, E., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Prevalence, subtypes, and correlates of DSM-IV conduct disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Psychological Medicine, 36(5), 699-710. PubMed Abstract

Nock, M.K., & Kessler, R.C. (2006). Prevalence of and risk factors for suicide attempts versus suicide gestures: Analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(3), 616-623. PubMed Abstract

Full text Roth, T., Jaeger, S., Jin, R., Kalsekar, A., Stang, P.E., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Sleep problems, comorbid mental disorders, and role functioning in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Biological Psychiatry, 60(12), 1364-1371. PubMed Abstract

Full text Shear, K., Jin, R., Ruscio, A.M., Walters, E.E., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Prevalence and correlates of estimated DSM-IV child and adult separation anxiety disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(6), 1074-1083. PubMed Abstract

Full text Simon, G.E., Von Korff, M., Saunders, K., Miglioretti, D.L., Crane, P.K., van Belle, G., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Association between obesity and psychiatric disorders in the US adult population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63(7), 824-830. PubMed Abstract

Full text Stang, P., Brandenburg, N., Lane, M., Merikangas, K.R., Von Korff, M., Kessler, R. (2006). Mental and physical comorbid conditions and days in role among persons with arthritis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68(1), 152-158. PubMed Abstract

Full text Uebelacker, L.A., Wang, P.S., Berglund, P., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Clinical differences among patients treated for mental health problems in general medical and specialty mental health settings in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. General Hospital Psychiatry, 28(5), 387-395. PubMed Abstract

Full text Wang, P.S., Demler, O., Olfson, M., Pincus, H.A., Wells, K.B., Kessler, R.C. (2006). Changing profiles of service sectors used for mental health care in the United States. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(7), 1187-1198. PubMed Abstract

Wang, P.S., Lane, M., Olfson, M., Pincus, H.A., Schwenk, T.L., Wells, K.B., Kessler, R.C. (2006). The primary care of mental disorders in the United States. In R.W. Manderscheid & J.T. Berry (Eds.), Mental Health, United States, 2004 (pp. 117-133). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

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2005 NCS Publications

Full text Ruscio, A.M., Lane, M., Roy-Byrne, P., Stang, P.E., Stein, D.J., Wittchen, H.-U., Kessler, R.C. (2005). Should excessive worry be required for a diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder? Results from the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication.  Psychological Medicine. 35(12), 1761-1772. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Adler, L., Ames, M., Demler, O., Faraone, S., Hiripi, E., Howes, M.J., Jin, R., Secnik, K., Spencer, T., Ustun, T.B., Walters, E.E. (2005). The World Health Organization adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS): A short screening scale for use in the general population. Psychological Medicine, 35(2), 245-256. Appendix tables, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Birnbaum, H., Demler, O., Falloon, I.R.H., Gagnon, E., Guyer, M., Howes, M.J., Kendler, K.S., Shi, L., Walters, E., Wu, E.Q. (2005). The prevalence and correlates of non-affective psychosis in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Biological Psychiatry, 58(8), 668-676. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Brandenberg, N., Lane, M., Roy-Byrne, P., Stang, P.D. (2005). Rethinking the duration requirement for generalized anxiety disorder: Evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Psychological Medicine, 35(7), 1073-1082. Appendix tables,
PubMed Abstract

Breslau, J., Su, M., Kendler, K., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Kessler, R.C. (2005). Lifetime risk and persistence of psychiatric disorders across ethnic groups in the United States. Psychological Medicine, 35(3), 317-327. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Adler, L., Ames, M., Barkley, R.A., Birnbaum, H.G., Greenberg, P.E., Johnston, J.A., Spencer, T., Ustun, T.B. (2005).  The prevalence and effects of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on work performance in a nationally representative sample of workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 47(6), 565-572. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Adler, L.A., Barkley, R., Biederman, J., Conners, C.K., Faraone, S.V., Greenhill, L.L., Jaeger, S., Secnik, K., Spencer, T., Ustun, T.B., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2005).  Patterns and predictors of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder persistence into adulthood: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biological Psychiatry, 57(11), 1442-1451. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Demler, O., Frank, R.G., Olfson, M., Pincus, H.A., Walters, E.E., Wang, P.S., Wells, K.B., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2005). Prevalence and treatment of mental disorders, 1990 to 2003. The New Enland Journal of Medicine, 352(24), 2515-2523. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Borges, G., Nock, M., Wang, P.S. (2005). Trends in suicide ideation, plans, gestures, and attempts in the United States 1990-92 to 2001-03. Journal of the American Medical Association, 293(2), 2487-2495. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Demler, O., Jin, R., Merikangas, K.R., Walters, E.E. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry, 62(6), 593-602. PubMed Abstract, Lifetime prevalence of DSM-IV disorders by sex and cohort Table 1

Kessler, R.C., Chiu, W.T., Demler, O., Merikangas, K. R., Walters, E.E. (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry, 62(6), 617-627. PubMed Abstract, Erratum,
12 month prevalence of DSM-IV disorders by sex and cohort Table 2

Von Korff, M., Crane, P., Lane, M., Miglioretti, D., Simon, G., Saunders, K., Stang, P., Brandenburg, N., Kessler, R.C. (2005). Chronic spinal pain and physical-mental comorbidity in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Pain, 113(3), 331-339. PubMed Abstract

Wang, P.S., Berglund, P.A., Kessler, R.C., Olfson, M., Pincus, H.A., Wells, K.B. (2005). Failure and delay in initial treatment contact after first onset of mental disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry, 62(6), 603-613. PubMed Abstract

Wang, P.S., Kessler, R.C. (2005). Global burden of mood disorders. In D. Stein, D. Kupfer, & A. Schatzberg (Eds.), Textbook of Mood Disorders (pp. 55-67). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.

Wang, P.S., Lane, M., Kessler, R.C., Olfson, M., Pincus, H.A., Wells, K.B. (2005). Twelve-month use of mental health services in the U.S.: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry, 62(6), 629-640. PubMed Abstract

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2004 NCS Publications

Kessler, R.C. (2004). The epidemiology of dual diagnosis. Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 56(10), 730-737. PubMed Abstract

Full text Kessler, R. C., & Merikangas, K.R. (2004). The National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R): Background and aims. The International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 13(2), 60-68.

Full text Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P., Chiu, W.T., Demler, O., Heeringa, S., Hiripi, E., Jin, R., Pennell, B-E., Walters, E.E., Zaslavsky, A., Zheng, H. (2004). The US National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R): Design and field procedures. The International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 13(2), 69-92.

Full text Kessler, R.C., & Ustun, T.B. (2004). The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). The International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 13(2), 93-121.

Full text Kessler, R.C., Abelson, J., Demler, O., Escobar, J.I., Gibbon, M., Guyer, M.E., Howes, M.J., Jin, R., Vega, W.A., Walters, E.E., Wang, P., Zaslavsky, A., Zheng, H. (2004). Clinical calibration of DSM-IV diagnoses in the World Mental Health (WMH) version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). The International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 13(2), 122-139.

Kessler, R.C., Koretz, D., Merikangas, K.R., Wang, P.S. (2004). The epidemiology of adult mental disorders. In B.L. Levin, J. Petrilia, & K.D. Hennessy (Eds.), Mental Health Services: A Public Health Perspective, Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Breslau, N., Novak, S.P., Kessler, R.C. (2004). Daily smoking and the subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders. Psychological Medicine, 34, 323-333. PubMed Abstract

Breslau, N., Novak, S.P., Kessler, R.C. (2004). Psychiatric disorders and stages of smoking. Biological Psychiatry, 55(1), 69-76. PubMed Abstract

Full text Wang, P.S., Berglund, P.A., Olfson, M., Kessler, R.C. (2004). Delays in initial treatment contact after first onset of a mental disorder. Health Services Research, 39(2), 393-415. PubMed Abstract

The WHO World Mental Health Survey Consortium (2004). Prevalence, severity, and unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Mental Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Journal of the American Medical Association, 291(21), 2581-2590. Appendix tables

Kessler, R.C., Walters, E.E., Wittchen, H.-U. (2004). Epidemiology. In R.G. Heimberg, C.L. Turk, & D.S. Mennin (Eds.), Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Advances in Research and Practice. New York: Guilford Press.

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2003 NCS Publications

Kessler, R.C. (2003). The impairments caused by social phobia in the general population: Implications for intervention. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 417(Suppl.), 19-27. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Ormel, H., Demler, O., Stang, P.E. (2003). Comorbid mental disorders account for the role impairment of commonly-occurring chronic physical disorders: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 45(12), 1257-1266. PubMed Abstract

Greenberg, P.E., Kessler, R.C., Birnbaum, H.G., Leong, S.A., Lowe, S.W., Berglund, P.A., Corey-Lisle, P.K. (2003). The economic burden of depression in the United States: How did it change between 1990-2000? The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64(12), 1465-1475. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Merikangas, K.R., Berglund, P., Eaton, W.W., Koretz, D., Walters, E.E. (2003). Mild disorders should not be eliminated from the DSM-V. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(11), 1117-1122. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P., Demler, O., Jin, R., Koretz, D., Merikangas, K.R., Rush, A.J., Walters, E.E., Wang, P.S. (2003). The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Journal of the American Medical Association, 289(23), 3095-3105. Appendix table, PubMed Abstract

Andrade, L.H., Berglund, P., Bijl, R.V., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., de Graaf, R., Dragomirecka, E., Kohn, R., Keller, M., Kawakami, N., Kessler, R.C., Kilic, C., Offord, D.R., Ustun, T.B., Vollebergh, W., Wittchen, H.-U. (2003). The epidemiology of major depressive episodes: Results from the International Consortium of Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE) surveys. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 12(1), 3-21. Appendix

Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Andrade, L., Bijl, R., Borges, G., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., DeWit, D.J., Kolody, B., Merikangas, K.R., Molnar, B.E., Vega, W.A., Walters, E.E., Wittchen, H.-U. (2003). Cross-national comparisons of comorbidities between substance use disorders and mental disorders: Results from the International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology. In W.J. Bukoski & Z. Sloboda (Eds.), Handbook for Drug Abuse Prevention Theory, Science, and Practice. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Furukawa, T.A., Kessler, R.C., Slade, T., Andrews, G. (2003). The performance of the K6 and K10 screening scales for psychological distress in the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. Psychological Medicine, 33, 357-362. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2003). The epidemiology of women and depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74, 5-13. PubMed Abstract

Full text Kessler, R.C., Barker, P.R., Colpe, L.J., Epstein, J.F., Gfroerer, J.C., Hiripi, E., Howes, M.J, Normand, S-L.T., Manderscheid, R.W., Walters, E.E., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2003). Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(2), 184-189.

Bijl, R.V., de Graaf. R., Hiripi, E., Kessler, R.C., Kohn, R., Offord, D.R., Ustun, T.B., Vicente, B., Vollegergh, W.A.M., Walters, E.E., Wittchen, H.-U. (2003). The prevalence of treated and untreated mental disorders in five countries. Health Affairs, 22(3), 122-133. PubMed Abstract

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2002 NCS Publications

Wittchen, H.-U., Beesdo, K., Kessler, R.C. (2002). The impact of generalised anxiety disorder. In D. Nutt, K. Rickels, & D. Stein, (Eds.), Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Symptomatology, Pathogenesis and Management (pp. 11-26). London, United Kingdom: Martin Dunitz Publishers.

Kessler, R.C. (2002). Evidence that generalised anxiety disorder is an independent disorder. In D. Nutt, K. Rickels, & D. Stein, (Eds.), Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Symptomatology, Pathogenesis and Management (pp. 3-10). London, United Kingdom: Martin Dunitz Publishers.

Kessler, R.C. & Walters, E.E. (2002). The National Comorbidity Survey. In M.T. Tsuang, M. Tohen, & G.E.P. Zahner (Eds.), Textbook in Psychiatric Epidemiology, Second Edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Kessler, R.C., Andrade , L.H., Bijl, R.V., Offord, D.R., Demler, O.V., Stein, D.J. (2002). The effects of comorbidity on the onset and persistence of generalized anxiety disorder in the ICPE surveys. Psychological Medicine, 32(7), 1213-1225. Appendix, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Andrews, G., Colpe, L.J., Hiripi, E., Mroczek, D.K., Normand, S.-L.T., Walters, E.E., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2002). Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in nonspecific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine, 32(6), 959-976. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2002). The categorical versus dimensional assessment controversy in the sociology of mental illness. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43(2), 171-188. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., & Greenberg, P.E. (2002). The economic burden of anxiety and stress disorders. In K.L. Davis, D. Charney, J.T. Coyle, & C. Nemeroff (Eds.), Neuropsychopharmacology: The Fifth Generation of Progress. Philadelphia, PA: The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Kessler, R.C. (2002). Epidemiological perspectives for the development of future diagnostic systems. Psychopathology, 35(2-3), 158-161. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2002). The epidemiology of depression. In I.H. Gotlib & C.L. Hammen (Eds.), Handbook of Depression and its Treatment. New York: The Guilford Press.

Kessler, R.C., & Wittchen H.-U. Patterns and correlates of generalized anxiety disorder in community samples. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 63(Suppl 8), 4-10. PubMed Abstract

Edlund, M., Wang, P.S., Berglund, P., Katz, S.J., Lin, E., Kessler, R.C. (2002). Dropping out of mental health treatment: Patterns and predictors among epidemiological survey respondents in the United States and Ontario. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(5), 845-851. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2002). Current issues in psychiatric epidemiology. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 15, 181-186.

Full text Wang, P.S., Demler, O., Kessler, R.C. (2002). The adequacy of treatment for serious mental illness in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 92(1), 92-98. PubMed Abstract

Vega, W.A., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Andrade, L., Bijl, R.V., Borges, G., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., DeWit, D.J., Heeringa, S.G., Kessler, R.C., Kolody, B., Merikangas, K.R., Molnar, B.E., Walters, E.E., Warner, L.A., Wittchen, H.-U. (2002). Prevalence and age of onset for drug use in seven international sites: Results from the International Consortium of Psychiatric Epidemiology. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 68(3), 285-297. PubMed Abstract

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2001 NCS Publications

Breslau, N., Johnson, E.O., Hiripi, E., Kessler, R.C. (2001). Nicotine dependence in the United States: Prevalence, trends, and smoking persistence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58(9), 810-816. Pubmed Abstract

Full text Gilman, S.E., Cochran, S.D., Mays, V.M., Hughes, M., Ostrow, D., Kessler, R.C. (2001). Risk of psychiatric disorders among individuals reporting same-sex sexual partners in the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6), 933-939. Pubmed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2001). Comorbidity of depression and anxiety disorders. In S. Montgomery & H. Den Bore (Eds.), SSRI's in Depression and Anxiety: Second Edition (pp. 87-106). West Sussex, U.K.: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Kessler, R.C. (2001). Comorbidity. In N.J. Smelser & P.B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (pp. 2389-2393). Amsterdam, NY: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Andrade, L., Bijl, R.V., Borges, G., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., DeWit, D.J., Kolody, B., Merikangas, K.R., Molnar, B.E., Vega, W.A., Walters, E.E., Wittchen, H-U., Ustun, T.B. (2001). Mental-substance comorbidities in the ICPE surveys. Psychiatria Fennica, 32, (suppl. 2), 62-79.

Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Berglund, P.A., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., DeWit, D.J., Greenfield, S.F., Kolody, B., Olfson, M., Vega, W.A. (2001). Patterns and predictors of treatment seeking after onset of a substance use disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58(11), 1065-1071. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Avenevoli, S., Merikangas, K.R. (2001). Mood disorders in children and adolescents: An epidemiologic perspective. Biological Psychiatry, 49(12), 1002-1014. PubMed Abstract

Full text Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Bruce, M.L., Koch, J.R., Laska, E.M., Leaf, P.J., Manderscheid, R.W., Rosenheck, R.A., Walters, E.E., Wang, P.S. (2001). The prevalence and correlates of untreated serious mental illness. Health Services Research, 36, 987-1007. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Costello, E.J., Merikangas, K.R., Üstün, T.B. (2001). Psychiatric epidemiology: Recent advances and future directions. In R.W. Manderscheid & M.J. Henderson (Eds.), Mental Health, United States, 2000 (pp. 29-42). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Kessler, R.C., Greenberg, P.E., Mickelson, K.D., Meneades, L.M., Wang, P.S. (2001). The effects of chronic medical conditions on work loss and work cut back. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 43, 218-225. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Keller, M.B., Wittchen, H.-U. (2001). The epidemiology of generalized anxiety disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 24, 19-40. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K.D., Barber, C., Wang, P. (2001). The association between chronic medical conditions and work impairment. In A.S. Rossi (Ed.), Caring and Doing for Others: Social Responsibility in the Domains of Family, Work, and Community (pp. 403-426). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Kessler, R.C., Molnar, B., Feurer, I.D., Appelbaum, M. (2001). Patterns and mental health predictors of domestic violence in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Society. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 24(4-5), 487-508. PubMed Abstract

Full text Molnar, B.E., Buka, S.L., Kessler, R.C. (2001). Child sexual abuse and subsequent psychopathology: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 753-760. PubMed Abstract

Simon, G.E., Barber, C., Birnbaum, H.G., Frank, R.G., Greenberg, P.E., Rose, R.M., Wang, P., Kessler, R.C. (2001). Depression and work productivity: The comparative costs of treatment versus nontreatment. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 43, 2-9. PubMed Abstract

Wethington, E., Almeida, D., Brown, G.W., Frank, E., Kessler, R.C. (2001). The assessment of stressor exposure. In L.R. Temoshok (Series Ed.) & A. Vingerhoets (Vol. Ed.), Biobehavioural Perspectives on Health and Disease Prevention: Vol. 5. Assessment in Behavioral Medicine (pp. 113-134). New York: Taylor & Francis Inc.

Wittchen, H.-U., Kessler, R.C., Ustun, B. (2001). Properties of the Composite International (CIDI) for measuring mental health outcome. In G. Thornicroft & M. Tansella (Eds.), Mental Health Outcome Measures: Second Edition (pp. 212-227). London: Gaskell.

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2000 NCS Publications

Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alegria, M., Andrade, L., Bijl, R., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., DeWit, D.J., Kolody, B., Kessler, R.C., Ustun, T.B., Vega, W., Wittchen, H.-U. (2000). The International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology. In E. Dragomireck, A. Palcová, & H. Papezová (Eds.), Social Psychiatry in Changing Times (pp. 86-95). Prague, Czech Republic: Prague Psychiatric Center.

Alegria, M., Bijl, R.V., Lin, E., Walters, E.E., Kessler, R.C. (2000). Income differences in persons seeking outpatient treatment for mental disorders: A comparison of the US with Ontario and the Netherlands. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 383-391. PubMed Abstract

Alegria, M., Kessler, R.C., Bijl, R., Lin, E., Heeringa, S.G., Takeuchi, D.T. Kolody, B. (2000). Comparing data on mental health service use between countries. In G. Andrews & S. Henderson (Eds.), Unmet Need in Psychiatry: Problems, Resources, Responses. (pp. 97-118). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Borges, G., Walters, E.E., Kessler, R.C. (2000). Associations of substance use, abuse and dependence with subsequent suicidal behavior. American Journal of Epidemiology, 151, 781-789. PubMed Abstract

Heimberg, R.G., Stein, M.B., Hiripi, E., Kessler, R.C. (2000). Trends in the prevalence of social phobia in the US: A synthetic cohort analysis of changes over four decades. European Psychiatry, 15, 29-37. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2000). Gender and mood disorders. In M. Goldman & M. Hatch (Eds.), Women and Health (pp. 997-1009). San Diego: Academic Press.

Kessler, R.C. (2000). Burden of depression. In S. Kasper & A. Carlsson (Eds.), Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors 1990-2000: A Decade of Developments (pp. 1-14).

Kessler, R.C. (2000). The long-term effects of childhood adversities on depression and other psychiatric disorders. In T.O. Harris (Ed.), Where Inner and Outer Worlds Meet (pp.227-244). London: Routledge Ltd.

Kessler, R.C. (2000). Gender differences in major depression: Epidemiologic findings. In E. Frank (Ed.), Gender and Its Effect on Psychopathology (pp. 61-84). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Kessler, R.C. (2000). Posttraumatic stress disorder: The burden to the individual and society. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 61(suppl. 5), 4-12. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2000). Gender differences in the prevalence and correlates of mood disorders in the general population. In M. Steiner, K.A. Yonkers, & E. Eriksson (Eds.), Mood Disorders in Women (pp. 15-33). London: Martin Dunitz Ltd.

Kessler, R.C. (2000). Psychiatric epidemiology: Selected recent advances and future directions. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78, 464-474. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (2000). Sociology and psychiatry. In B.J. Sadock & V.A. Sadock (Eds.), Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry / VII Seventh Edition (pp. 476-484). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alegria, M., Andrade, L., Bijl, R., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., DeWitt, D.J., Kolody, B., Ustun, T.B., Vega, W.A., Wittchen, H.-U. (2000). The International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology. Psychiatrie, 1, 15-20.

Kessler, R.C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alegria, M., Andrade, L., Bijl, R., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., DeWit, D.J., Kolody, B., Ustun, T.B., Vega, W., Wittchen, H.-U. (2000). The International Consortium of Psychiatric Epidemiology. In E. Dragomirecká, A. Palcová, & H. Papezová (Eds), Social Psychiatry in Changing Times (pp.86-96). Psychiatrické centrum Praha.

Kessler, R.C., Wittchen, H.-U., Abelson, J., Zhao, S. (2000). Methodological issues in assessing psychiatric disorders with self-reports. In A.A. Stone, C.A. Turrkan, C.A. Bachrach, H.S. Kurtzman, & V.S. Cain, (Eds.), The Science of Self-Reports: Implications for Research and Practice (pp. 229-255). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Roy-Byrne, P.P., Stang, P., Wittchen, H.-U., Ustun, B., Walters, E.E., Kessler, R.C. (2000). Lifetime panic-depression comorbidity in the National Comorbidity Survey: Association with symptoms, impairment, course and help-seeking. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 229-235. PubMed Abstract

WHO International Consortium of Psychiatric Epidemiology (2000). Cross-national comparisons of the prevalences and correlates of mental disorders: An ICPE study. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78, 413-426.

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1999 NCS Publications

Breslau, N., Peterson, E.L., Kessler, R.C., Schultz, L.R. (1999). Short screening scale for DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 908-911. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (1999). Comorbidity of unipolar and bipolar depression with other psychiatric disorders in a general population survey. In M. Tohen (Ed.), Comorbidity in Affective Disorders (pp. 1-25). New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.

Kessler, R.C. (1999). The World Health Organization International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE): Initial work and future directions--the NAPE Lecture 1998. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 99, 2-9. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (1999). Comentarios sobre el artículo Comorbilidad de por vida de la angustia y la depressión, en la Encuesta Nacional sobre. Trabajos Distinguidos Psiquitría, 4, 58-59.

Kessler, R.C. (1999). Comorbilidad permanente de la angustia y la depresión. Salud I Ciencia, 8, 22.

Kessler, R.C., Borges, G., Walters, E.E. (1999). Prevalence of and risk factors for lifetime suicide attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 617-626. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., DuPont, R.L., Berglund, P., Wittchen, H.-U. (1999). Impairment in pure and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder and major depression in two national surveys. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1915-1923. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. & Forthofer, M.S. (1999). The effects of psychiatric disorders on family formation and stability. In J. Brooks-Gunn & M. Cox, (Eds.), Conflict and Cohesion in Families: Causes and Consequences (pp. 301-320). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kessler, R.C., Mroczek, D.K., Belli, R.F. (1999). Retrospective adult assessment of childhood psychopathology. In D. Shaffer, C.P. Lucas, & J.E. Richters (Eds.), Diagnostic Assessment in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology (pp. 256-284). New York: Guilford Press.

Kessler, R.C., Sonnega, A., Bromet, E., Hughes, M., Nelson, C.B., Breslau, N. (1999). Epidemiological risk factors for trauma and PTSD. In R. Yehuda (Ed.), Risk Factors for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (pp.23-59). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Press.

Kessler, R.C., Stang, P., Wittchen H.-U., Stein, M., Walters, E.E. (1999). Lifetime comorbidities between social phobia and mood disorders in the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey. Psychological Medicine, 29, 555-567. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. & Wang, P. (1999). Screening measures for behavioral health assessment. In G. Hyner, K. Peterson, J. Travis, J. Foerster, & E. Framer (Eds.) SPM Handbook of Health Assessment Tools (pp. 33-40). Pittsburgh: Society of Prospective Medicine.

Kessler, R.C. & Zhao, S. (1999). The prevalence of mental illness. In A.V. Horowitz & T.L. Scheid (Eds.), A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health (pp. 58-78). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Kessler, R.C. & Zhao, S. (1999). Overview of descriptive epidemiology of mental disorders. In C.A. Anashensel & J.C. Phelan (Eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health (pp. 127-150). New York: Plenum.

Kessler, R.C., Zhao, S., Katz, S.J., Kouzis, A.C., Frank, R.G., Edlund, M., Leaf, P. (1999). Past-year use of outpatient services for psychiatric problems in the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 115-123. PubMed Abstract

Knäuper, B., Cannell, C.F., Schwarz, N., Bruce, M.L., Kessler, R.C. (1999). Improving accuracy of major depression age-of-onset reports in the US National Comorbidity Survey. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 8, 39-48.

Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K.D., Williams, D.R. (1999). The prevalence, distribution, and mental health correlates of perceived discrimination in the United States. Journal of Health & Social Behavior, 40, 208-230. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Walters, E.E., Leaf, P.J., Kouzis, A.C., Bruce, M.L., Friedman, R.M., Grosser, R.C., Kennedy, C., Kuehnel, T.G., Laska, E.M., Manderscheid, R.W., Narrow, W.E., Rosenheck, R.A., Schneier, M. (1999). Population-based analyses: A methodology for estimating the 12-month prevalence of serious mental illness. In R.W. Manderscheid & M.J. Henderson (Eds.), Mental Health, United States 1998 (pp. 99-109). Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

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1998 NCS Publications

Blazer, D.G., Kessler, R.C., Swartz, M.S. (1998). Epidemiology of recurrent major and minor depression with a seasonal pattern: The National Comorbidity Survey. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 164-167. PubMed Abstract

Bromet, E., Sonnega, A., Kessler, R.C. (1998). Risk factors for DSM-III-R Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Epidemiology, 147, 353-361. PubMed Abstract

Curtis, G.C., Magee, W.J., Eaton, W.W., Wittchen, H.-U., Kessler, R.C. (1998). Specific fears and phobias: Epidemiology and classification. British Journal of Psychiatry, 173, 212-217. PubMed Abstract

Jayakody, R., Danziger, S., Kessler, R.C. (1998). Early-onset psychiatric disorders and male socioeconomic status. Social Science Research, 27, 371-387.

Judd, L.L., Kessler, R.C., Paulus, M.P., Zeller, P.V., Wittchen, H.-U., Kunovac, J.L. (1998). Comorbidity as a fundamental feature of generalized anxiety disorders: Results from the National Comorbidity Study (NCS). Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 98(Suppl. 393), 6-11. PubMed Abstract

Full text Katz, S.J., Kessler, R.C., Lin, E., Wells, K.B. (1998). Medication management of depression in the United States and Ontario. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 13, 77-85. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (1998). Sex differences in DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of the American Medical Women's Association, 53, 148-158.

Kessler, R.C., Andrews, G., Mroczek, D., Ustun, B., Wittchen, H.-U. (1998). The World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short Form (CIDI-SF). International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 7, 171-185.

Kessler, R.C., Olfson, M., Berglund, P.A. (1998) Patterns and predictors of treatment contact after first onset of psychiatric disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 62-69. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Stang, P.E., Wittchen, H.-U., Ustun, T.B., Roy-Byrne, P.P., Walters, E.E. (1998). Lifetime panic-depression comorbidity in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 801-808. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Stein, M.B., Berglund, P. (1998). Social phobia subtypes in the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 613-619. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. & Walters, E.E. (1998). Epidemiology of DSM-III-R major depression and minor depression among adolescents and young adults in the National Comorbidity Survey. Depression and Anxiety, 7, 3-14. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Walters, E.E., Forthofer, M.S. (1998). The social consequences of psychiatric disorders, III: Probability of marital stability. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1092-1096. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Wittchen, H.-U., Abelson, J.M., McGonagle, K., Schwarz, N., Kendler, K.S., Knäuper, B., Zhao, S. (1998). Methodological studies of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) in the US National Comorbidity Survey. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 7, 33-55.

Merikangas, K.R., Rajni, L.M., Molnar, B.E., Walters, E.E., Swendsen, J.D., Aguilar-Gaziola, S., Bijl, R., Borges, G., Caraveo-Anduaga, J.J., Dewit, D.J., Kolody, B., Vega, W.A., Wittchen, H.-U., Kessler, R.C. (1998). Comorbidity of substance use disorders with mood and anxiety disorders: Results of the International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE). Addictive Behaviors, 23, 893-907. PubMed Abstract

Nelson, C.B., Heath, A.C., Kessler, R.C. (1998). Temporal progression of alcohol dependence symptoms in the U.S. household population: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 474-483. PubMed Abstract

Olfson, M., Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Lin, E. (1998). Psychiatric disorder onset and first treatment contact in the United States and Ontario. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1415-1422. PubMed Abstract

Regier, D.A., Kaelber, C.T., Rae, D.S., Farmer, M.E., Knuper, B., Kessler, R.C., Norquist, G.S. (1998). Limitations of diagnostic criteria and assessment instruments for mental disorders: Implications for research and policy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 109-115. PubMed Abstract

Sullivan, P.F., Kessler, R.C., Kendler, K.S. (1998). Latent class analysis of lifetime depressive symptoms in the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1398-1406. PubMed Abstract

Swendsen, J.D., Merikangas, K.R., Canino, G.J., Kessler, R.C., Rubio-Stipec, M., Angst, J. (1998). The comorbidity of alcoholism with anxiety and depressive disorders in four geographic communities. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 39, 176-184. PubMed Abstract

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1997 NCS Publications

Ettner, S.L., Frank, R.G., Kessler, R.C. (1997). The impact of psychiatric disorders on labor market outcomes. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 51, 64-81.

Kandel, D., Chen, K., Warner, L.A., Kessler, R.C., Grant, B. (1997). Prevalence and demographic correlates of symptoms of last year dependence on alcohol, nicotine, marijuana and cocaine in the U.S. population. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 44, 11-29. PubMed Abstract

Katz, S.J., Kessler, R.C., Frank, R.G., Leaf, P., Lin, E. (1997). Mental health care use, morbidity, and socioeconomic status in the United States and Ontario. Inquiry, 34, 38-49. PubMed Abstract

Full text Katz, S.J., Kessler, R.C., Frank, R.G., Leaf, P., Lin, E., Edlund, M. (1997). The use of outpatient mental health services in the United States and Ontario: The impact of mental morbidity and perceived need for care. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 1136-1143.

Kendler, K.S., Davis, C.G., Kessler, R.C. (1997). The familial aggregation of common psychiatric and substance use disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey: A family history study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 541-548. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (1997). The effects of stressful life events on depression. In J. Spence (Ed.), Annual Review of Psychology (pp. 191- 214). Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews Inc.

Kessler RC. (1997). The prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity. In S. Wetzler & W.C. Sanderson (Eds.), Treatment Strategies for Patients with Psychiatric Comorbidity (pp. 23-48). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Kessler, R.C., Anthony, J.C., Blazer, D.G., Bromet, E., Eaton, W.W., Kendler, K., Swartz, M., Wittchen, H.-U., Zhao, S. (1997). The US National Comorbidity Survey: Overview and future directions. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 6, 4-16. Bibliography

Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Foster, C.L., Saunders, W.B., Stang, P.E., Walters, E.E. (1997) Social consequences of psychiatric disorders, II: Teenage Parenthood. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1405-1411. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Crum, R.M., Warner, L.A., Nelson, C.B., Schulenberg, J., Anthony J.C. (1997). Lifetime co-occurrence of DSM-III-R alcohol abuse and dependence with other psychiatric disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 313-321. Bibliography, PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. & Frank, R.G. (1997). The impact of psychiatric disorders on work loss days. Psychological Medicine, 27, 861-873. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Gillis-Light, J., Magee, W.J., Kendler, K.S., Eaves, L.J. (1997). Childhood adversity and adult psychopathology. In I.H. Gotlib & B. Wheaton (Eds.), Stress and Adversity Over the Life Course: Trajectories and Turning Points (pp. 29-49). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kessler, R.C., Rubinow, D.R., Holmes, C., Abelson, J.M., Zhao, S. (1997). The epidemiology of DSM-III-R bipolar I disorder in a general population survey. Psychological Medicine, 27, 1079-1089. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Zhao, S., Blazer, D.G., Swartz, M. (1997) Prevalence, correlates, and course of minor depression and major depression in the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of Affective Disorders, 45, 19-30. PubMed Abstract

Little, R.J.A., Lewitzky, S., Heeringa, S., Lepkowski, J., Kessler, R.C. (1997). Assessment of weighting methodology for the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Epidemiology, 146, 439-449. PubMed Abstract

Mickelson, K.D., Kessler, R.C., Shaver, P.R. (1997). Adult attachment in a nationally representative sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 1092-1106. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Frank, R.G., Edlund, M., Katz, S.J., Lin, E., Leaf, P.J. (1997). Differences in the use of psychiatric outpatient services between the United States and Ontario. New England Journal of Medicine, 336, 551-557. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Davis, C.G., Kendler, K.S. (1997). Childhood adversity and adult psychiatric disorder in the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey. Psychological Medicine, 27, 1101-1119. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R. C., Mickelson, K. D., Zhao, S. (1997). Patterns and correlates of self-help group membership in the United States. Social Policy, 27, 27-46.

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1996 NCS Publications

Forthofer, M.S., Kessler, R.C., Story, A.L., Gotlib, I.H. (1996). The effects of psychiatric disorders on the probability and timing of first marriage. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 37, 121-132. PubMed Abstract

Forthofer, M.S., Markman, H.J., Cox, M., Stanley, S., Kessler, R.C. (1996). Associations between marital distress and work loss in a national sample. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58, 597-605.

Greenberg, P.E., Kessler, R.C., Nells, T.L., Finkelstein, S.N., Berndt, E.R. (1996). Depression in the workplace: An economic perspective. In J.P. Feighner & W.F. Boyer (Eds.), Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors: Advances in Basic Research and Clinical Practice, Second Edition (pp. 327-363). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Kendler, K.S., Gallagher, T.J., Abelson, J.M., Kessler, R.C. (1996) Lifetime prevalence, demographic risk factors and diagnostic validity of nonaffective psychosis as assessed in a US community sample: The National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 1022-1031. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Berglund, P.A., Zhao, S., Leaf, P.J., Kouzis, A.C., Bruce, M.L., Friedman, R.M., Grosser, R.C., Kennedy, C., Kuehnel, T.G., Laska, E.M., Manderscheid, R.W., Narrow, W.E., Rosenheck, R.A., Santoni, T.W., Schneier, M. (1996). The 12-month prevalence and correlates of Serious Mental Illness (SMI). In R.W. Manderscheid & M.A. Sonnenschein (Eds.), Mental Health, United States, 1996 (pp. 59-70). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.

Kessler, R.C., Magee, W.J., Nelson, C.B. (1996). Analysis of psychosocial stress. In H.B. Kaplan (Ed.), Psychosocial Stress: Perspectives on Structure, Theory, Life Course, and Methods (pp. 333-366). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Kessler, R.C., Nelson, C.B., McGonagle, K.A., Edlund, M.J., Frank, R.G., Leaf, P.J. (1996). The epidemiology of co-occurring addictive and mental disorders: Implications for prevention and service utilization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 66, 17-31. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Nelson, C.B., McGonagle, K.A., Liu, J., Swartz, M., Blazer, D.G., (1996). Comorbidity of DSM-III-R Major Depressive Disorder in the general population: Results from the US National Comorbidity Survey. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168(Suppl. 30), 17-30. PubMed Abstract

Magee, W.J., Eaton, W.W., Wittchen, H.-U., McGonagle, K.A., Kessler, R.C. (1996). Agoraphobia, simple phobia, and social phobia in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 159-168. PubMed Abstract

Nelson, C.B., Little, R.J.A., Heath, A.C., Kessler, R.C. (1996). Patterns of DSM-III-R alcohol dependence symptom progression in a general population survey. Psychological Medicine, 26, 449-460. PubMed Abstract

Wittchen, H.-U., Zhao, S., Abelson, J.M., Abelson, J.L., Kessler, R.C. (1996). Reliability and procedural validity of UM-CIDI DSM-III-R phobic disorders. Psychological Medicine, 26, 1169-1177. PubMed Abstract

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1995 NCS Publications

Kessler, R.C. (1995). Epidemiology of psychiatric comorbidity. In M.T. Tsuang, M. Tohan, & G.E.P. Zahner (Eds.), Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology (pp. 179-197). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Kessler, R.C., Foster, C.L., Saunders, W.B., Stang, P.E. (1995). Social consequences of psychiatric disorders, I: Educational attainment. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1026-1032. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Little, R.J.A., Groves, R.M. (1995). Advances in strategies for minimizing and adjusting for survey nonresponse. Epidemiologic Reviews, 17, 192-204. PubMed Abstract

Warner, L.A., Kessler, R.C., Hughes, M., Anthony, J.C., Nelson, C.B. (1995). Prevalence and correlates of drug use and dependence in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 219-229. PubMed Abstract

Wittchen, H.-U., Kessler, R.C., Zhao, S., Abelson, J. (1995). Reliability and clinical validity of UM-CIDI DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 29, 95-110. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., Sonnega, A., Bromet, E., Hughes, M., Nelson, C.B. (1995). Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 1048-1060. PubMed Abstract

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1994 NCS Publications

Anthony, J.C., Warner, L.A., Kessler, R.C. (1994). Comparative epidemiology of dependence on tobacco, alcohol, controlled substances, and inhalants: Basic findings from the National Comorbidity Survey. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 2, 244-268.

Blazer, D.G., Kessler, R.C., McGonagle, K.A., Swartz, M.S. (1994). The prevalence and distribution of major depression in a national community sample: The National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 979-986. PubMed Abstract

Eaton, W.W., Kessler, R.C., Wittchen, H.-U., Magee, W.J. (1994). Panic and panic disorder in the United States. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 413-420. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (1994). The National Comorbidity Survey: Preliminary results and future directions. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 4, 114.1-114.13.

Kessler, R.C. (1994). Building on the ECA: The National Comorbidity Survey and the Children's ECA. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 4, 81-94.

Kessler, R.C. (1994). The National Comorbidity Survey of the United States. International Review of Psychiatry, 6, 365-376.

Kessler, R.C., McGonagle, K.A., Zhao, S., Nelson, C.B., Hughes, M., Eshleman, S., Wittchen H.-U., Kendler, K.S. (1994). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 8-19. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., McGonagle, K.A., Nelson, C.B., Hughes, M., Swartz, M., Blazer, D.G. (1994). Sex and depression in the National Comorbidity Survey. II: Cohort effects. Journal of Affective Disorders, 30, 15-26. PubMed Abstract

Wittchen, H.-U., Knuper, B., Kessler, R.C. (1994). Lifetime risk of depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 165(Suppl. 26), 16-22. PubMed Abstract

Wittchen, H.-U., Zhao, S., Kessler, R.C., Eaton, W.W. (1994). DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 355-364. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. (1994). The U.S. National Comorbidity Survey: Onset, chronicity and comorbidity patterns of mood disorders in the general population. In S.Z. Langer, N. Brunello, G. Racagni, & J. Mendlewicz (Eds.), Critical Issues in the Treatment of Affective Disorders (pp. 154-157). Basel: Karger.

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1993 NCS Publications

Kessler, R.C. & Magee, W.J. (1993). Childhood adversities and adult depression: Basic patterns of association in a US National Survey. Psychological Medicine, 23, 679-690. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C. & Price, R.H. (1993). Primary prevention of secondary disorders: A proposal and agenda. American Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 607-634. PubMed Abstract

Kessler, R.C., McGonagle, K.A., Swartz, M., Blazer, D.G., Nelson, C.B. (1993). Sex and depression in the National Comorbidity Survey I: Lifetime prevalence, chronicity, and recurrence. Journal of Affective Disorders, 29, 85-96. PubMed Abstract

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